Merchant solutions → Revenue: $4.1BRevenue → Cost of revenue: $2.8BRevenue → Gross profit: $2.8BGross profit → Operating expenses: $2.8BCost of revenue → Merchant solution costs: $2.5BOperating expenses → R&D: $1.5BSubscription solutions → Revenue: $1.5BOperating expenses → Sales & marketing: $1.2BOperating loss → Operating expenses: $0.8BOperating expenses → General & admin: $0.7BCost of revenue → Subscription solution costs: $0.3BOperating expenses → Transactions & loans: $0.1BSubscription solutions: $1.5BRevenue: $5.6BMerchant solutions: $4.1BGross profit: $2.8BCost of revenue: $2.8BOperating loss: $0.8BOperating expenses: $3.6BSubscription solution costs: $0.3BMerchant solution costs: $2.5BR&D: $1.5BSales & marketing: $1.2BGeneral & admin: $0.7BTransactions & loans: $0.1Bcreated with SankeyArt.comSubscription solutions$1.5B11% Y/YRevenue$5.6B21% Y/YMerchant solutions$4.1B26% Y/YGross profit$2.8B11% Y/YCost of revenue$2.8B34% Y/YOperating loss$0.8BLast year: Operating profitOperating expenses$3.6B62% Y/YSubscription solution costs$0.3B25% Y/YMerchant solution costs$2.5B35% Y/YR&D$1.5B76% Y/YSales & marketing$1.2B36% Y/YGeneral & admin$0.7B89% Y/YTransactions & loans$135M65% Y/YShopify FY22 Income Statement